flag India India: In the Country

In this page: Accommodation | Eating Out | Getting Around | Time and Time Difference | Climate | Electrical Standards and Measurement Systems | Paying | Speaking | Emergency Numbers | Communications


Eating Out

Rules For Eating Out
Rules vary from one establishment to another, but it is generally common to ask for the bill at your table after the meal.

A ‘tip’ is generally given after the meals; varies between 5-10% of the bill amount.

Food Specialties
Each region in the country has its own cuisine and style of preparation.

Food is broadly categorized into six tastes - sweet, sour, salty, spicy, bitter and astringent. Side dishes and condiments are chutneys, curries, daals and Indian pickles.

Milk-based desserts and gulab jamuns are popular.

Tea (often ready-brewed with milk and sugar) and coffee are most widely drunk. Butter-milk (called ‘lasi’ in Hindi ) is a popular drink in the northern parts of the country.

All forms of alcoholic drinks including wine are easily available in the country. Large quantity of beer is produced and consumed within the country.

Dietary Restrictions
The left hand is considered unclean and to use the left hand when eating or receiving food is considered unclean.

Hindus consider the cow as sacred and the Muslims consider the pig as unclean. Hence, pork and beef are not part of popular cuisine.

Table Manners
Wash hands thoroughly before sitting at the table as some Indian foods are primarily eaten by hand.
It is considered unhygienic to use your spoon or fingers to share food from someone else's plate once you have started using your own.

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Getting Around

Means of Transport Recommended in Town

Urban transport services
Delhi Metro Rail Corporation
Metro Railways Kolkata

Transportation From Airport to City Centre:






Car Rental
Mumbai - Chhatrapati Shivaji Intl (BOM) 37 km / 23 miles INR 475 INR 50-60 / 60-90 min - Available
Calcutta - Dum Dum (CCU) 17 km / 11 miles INR 135-200 / 40-120 min INR 8 INR 2-6 Available
Delhi - Indira Gandhi Intl (DEL) 15 km / 9 miles INR 220 / 30-60 min INR 50 - Available

Means of Transport Recommended in the Rest of the Country

Train reservation services
Indian Railways

Major airlines

Name Type Domestic Flights International Flights
Indian Airlines National Yes Yes
Jet Airways Major Yes No
Kingfisher Airlines Low-Cost Yes No
Spice Jet Low-Cost Yes No
Go Air Low-Cost Yes No

You Can Consult The EU Air Safety List. Look Also at the rating of the United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).


Travelling By Yourself

Car rental agencies
Taxi Rental India

Rules of the Road

National Roads Organizations
National Highways Authority of India
Indian Driving Schools

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Time and Time Difference

Current Local Time
It is %T:%M %A In New Delhi
Summer Time

Map of the Time Zone

Time zone

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Type of Climate
India has broadly three seasons: warm, wet and cool. Heat begins to rise in the plains of the north in February and becomes very high in April - May. The monsoon appears towards the end of May in the south, then heads to the North, then covers the whole country in the first week of July till the end of October. Temperature falls sharply around December - January. The extreme south remains warm all year long because of coastal climate.

Autumn and Winter are undoubtedly the best times to visit India.


Average Annual Temperatures and Rainfall



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Electrical Standards and Measurement Systems

System of Measurement Used
Metric system
Unit of Measurement of Temperature
Degree Celsius (°C)

Use our service Measurement Converter.

  • Voltage
230 Volts AC
  • Frequency
50 Hz
Type of Electric Socket
Type C and Type D.
Type of Telephone Socket
British (old) phone plug; US RJ-11 phone plug.
DVD Zoning
Zone 5

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Domestic Currency
Indian Rupee
ISO Code
To Obtain Domestic Currency
The import of local currency is prohibited, except for residents of India importing up to INR 7,500. Currency can be changed at banks, airports or authorized money changers.
ATMs are easily accessible and are open 24x7.
Possible Means of Payment
Payment is usually in cash. All major credit cards like American Express, Diners Club, MasterCard and Visa are also widely accepted.
Travelers' cheques are widely accepted and may be changed at banks and larger hotels.

To Find a Cash Machine Where You Need, Use the ATM locator


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Official Language
Hindi (spoken by more than 50% of the country’s population) and English.
Other Languages Spoken
22 languages are recognised by the Constitution of India: Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Nepali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Manipuri , Konkani and Sanskrit are among them. Around 2000 dialects have been identified.
Business Language

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Emergency Numbers

Police 100
Fire 101
Ambulance 102
Railway Enquiry 131
Telephone assistance in English or Hindi or Regional Language 197

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Telephone Codes
To Make a Call From India, Dial 00
To Make a Call to in India, Dial +91
Mobile Telephone Standards
Both CDMA and GSM
National Mobile Phone Operators
AirTel, Reliance Infoecom, Idea cellular, Vodafone (earlier HUTCH), BSNL/MTNL.

Availability of Internet

Internet Suffix
National Internet Access Providers
BSNL, AirTel, Sify, Tata Internet Services, Reliance, Netcom, Hathway.

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Latest Update: April 2024